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Sulphur


The Sulphur content of a sample is the contribution that Sulphur makes to the total mass of the sample. Click here for more information on the elemental composition of biomass.

We determine the sulphur content according to the procedures outlined in European Standard EN 15289:2011("Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of sulfur and chlorine") which states that appropriately validated automated equipment can be used for biomass samples. We use an Elementar Vario MACRO Cube elemental analyser which has been designed to satisfy these requirements and we follow the method outlined in European Standard EN 15104:2011 ("Solid biofuels - Determination of total content of carbon, hydrogen and nitrogen - Instrumental methods") for the use of this device.

We report the sulphur content on a dry-mass basis as well as on an as-received basis and a dry ash-free basis (providing that the ash content and as-received moisture content of the sample have also been determined). We use the calculations outlined in European Standard EN 15296:2011 ("Solid biofuels - Conversion of analytical results from one basis to another") to carry out these conversions.

Click here to place an order for determining Sulphur.





Analysis Packages for Sulphur

The Celignis Analysis Package(s) that determine this constituent are listed below:

P33   Ultimate (Elemental) Analysis
Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur, Oxygen, Ash

Further Details


P34   Calorific Value and Elements
Gross Calorific Value, Net Calorific Value, Ash, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur, Oxygen

Further Details


P35   Chlorine and Sulphur
Chlorine, Sulphur

Further Details


P40   Combustion Package
Volatile Matter, Fixed Carbon, Moisture, Ash, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur, Oxygen, Gross Calorific Value, Net Calorific Value, Chlorine

Further Details


P82   Biomethane Potential - 14 Days - Deluxe Package
Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP), Total Biogas Volume, Total Solids, Volatile Solids, pH, Biogas Methane Content, Biogas Carbon Dioxide Content, Biogas Oxygen Content, Biogas Hydrogen Sulphide Content, Biogas Ammonia Content, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Phosphorus, Potassium, Ammonia, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur

Further Details


P85   Biomethane Potential - 21 Days - Deluxe Package
Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP), Total Biogas Volume, Total Solids, Volatile Solids, pH, Biogas Methane Content, Biogas Carbon Dioxide Content, Biogas Oxygen Content, Biogas Hydrogen Sulphide Content, Biogas Ammonia Content, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Phosphorus, Potassium, Ammonia, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur

Further Details


P88   Biomethane Potential - 28 Days - Deluxe Package
Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP), Total Biogas Volume, Total Solids, Volatile Solids, pH, Biogas Methane Content, Biogas Carbon Dioxide Content, Biogas Oxygen Content, Biogas Hydrogen Sulphide Content, Biogas Ammonia Content, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Phosphorus, Potassium, Ammonia, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur

Further Details


P91   Biomethane Potential - 40 Days - Deluxe Package
Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP), Total Biogas Volume, Total Solids, Volatile Solids, pH, Biogas Methane Content, Biogas Carbon Dioxide Content, Biogas Oxygen Content, Biogas Hydrogen Sulphide Content, Biogas Ammonia Content, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Phosphorus, Potassium, Ammonia, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur

Further Details


P93   Feedstock Chemical and Biological Analysis
Total Solids, Volatile Solids, pH, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Phosphorus, Potassium, Ammonia, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur

Further Details


P94   Digestate Chemical and Biological Analysis
Total Solids, Volatile Solids, pH, Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), Phosphorus, Potassium, Ammonia, Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Sulphur

Further Details


Analytical Procedure for Sulphur

Step 1: Elemental Analysis of the Sample

Equipment Used for Sulphur Analysis

Additional Material

We can determine the Sulphur content of biomass, click here to learn more about our various biomass analysis methods.

We can determine the Sulphur content of pyrolysis bio-oils, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing bio-oil.

We can determine the Sulphur content of seaweed, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing seaweed.

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