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Formic Acid


Formic acid (methanoic acid) has the formula HCOOH and is the simplest carboxylic acid. It is a co-product in the production of levulinic acid from hexoses and can also be formed from the degradation of other sugars and sugar-degradation products.

Formic acid is used extensively as a decalcifier, as an acidulating agent in textile dying and finishing, and in leather tanning. It is also used in the preparation of organic esters and in the manufacture of drugs, dyes, insecticides, and refrigerants. In industrial production, formic acid is usually produced as a by-product of acetic acid production by liquid phase oxidation of hydrocarbons.

Click here to place an order for determining Formic Acid.





Analysis Packages for Formic Acid

The Celignis Analysis Package(s) that determine this constituent are listed below:

P22   Organic Acids and Furans
Levulinic Acid, Formic Acid, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Furfural, Acetic Acid, gamma-Valerolactone

Further Details


Equipment Used for Formic Acid Analysis

Additional Material

Click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing sugar degradation products.

We can determine the Formic Acid content of various liquids, including liquids from pre-treatment and hydrolysis processes, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing process liquids.

We can determine the Formic Acid content of pyrolysis bio-oils, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing bio-oil.

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