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Analysis of Poultry Litter
Poultry Litter

Background

The compositions of animal wastes is a complex issue, with the composition dependent on the class of animal, diet, digestibility of food, bedding, and stage of growth, among other factors.

Poultry litter is a mixture of poultry manure and the litter base, which can be straw, wood shavings, paper, or other biodegradable material.

The relative amount and type of manure produced will depend on the livestock class. For example, broilers produce about 0.036 kg/bird/day at 70% dry matter. Of this, about 70% by dry weight is manure, and the remainder is the litter base.


Analysis of Poultry Litter at Celignis


Celignis Analytical can determine the following properties of Poultry Litter samples:

If you would like us to analyse your Poultry Litter samples then please select the appropriate analysis packages from our list.

Cellulose Content of Poultry Litter

The cellulose content of the poultry litter will depend on the compositions of both the manure and the litter base and on the relative mass proportions that each of these contribute to the total litter mass. Typically, the base has a higher cellulose content than the manure, meaning that an increased base:manure mass ratio will lead to a higher cellulose content.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine cellulose content.



Hemicellulose Content of Poultry Litter

As with cellulose, the hemicellulose content of the poultry litter will depend on the compositions of both the manure and the litter base and on the relative mass proportions that each of these contribute to the total litter mass.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine hemicellulose content.



Lignin Content of Poultry Litter

The lignin content of the poultry litter will depend on the compositions of both the manure and the litter base and on the relative mass proportions that each of these contribute to the total litter mass.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine lignin content.



Starch Content of Poultry Litter

The starch content of poultry litter will vary according to their diet.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine starch content.



Uronic Acid Content of Poultry Litter

Uronic acids are present in many of the feedstocks that are used to generate the bedding for poultry litter (e.g. straw, wood shavings), however we are not aware of any studies to date on the total uronic acid content of poultry litter.

Click here to read more about uronic acids and to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine uronic acid content.



Ash Content of Poultry Litter

As with other animal wastes, poultry manure can have a high ash content. However, the litter base typically has a lower ash content. Hence, an increased base:manure mass ratio will favour a lower total ash content in the poultry litter.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine ash content.



Heating (Calorific) Value of Poultry Litter

Unlike many other animal wastes, such as cattle and pig manures, poultry litter can have a relatively low moisture content (typically between 20 and 50%, depending on husbandry practices). Because of this, in recent years there has been increasing interest regarding the combustion of this resource.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine heating value.



Bulk Density of Poultry Litter

At Celignis we can determine the bulk density of biomass samples, including Poultry Litter, according to ISO standard 17828 (2015). This method requires the biomass to be in an appropriate form (chips or powder) for density determination.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine bulk density.



Basic Density of Poultry Litter

At Celignis we can determine the basic density of some suitable biomass samples. The method requires the biomass to be in an appropriate form (chips) for density determination.

Click here to see the Celignis Analysis Packages that determine basic density.

 

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