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Hydroxymethylfurfural


Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), also known as 5-furfural, is a furan that contains an aldehyde and an alcohol functional group attached to the furan ring. It can be produced through the acid-catalysed dehydration and subsequent cyclisation of hexoses such as glucose and mannose. HMF is also an intermediate in the production of levulinic acid from hexoses.

The functional side groups found in HMF offer a wide range of applications for which HMF can be used and transformed and it has the potential to be a very useful platform chemical, providing it can be produced economically. HMF can also be inhibitory to some fermentative organisms and hydrolysis enzymes.

Click here to place an order for determining Hydroxymethylfurfural.





Analysis Packages for Hydroxymethylfurfural

The Celignis Analysis Package(s) that determine this constituent are listed below:

P22   Organic Acids and Furans
Levulinic Acid, Formic Acid, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Furfural, Acetic Acid, gamma-Valerolactone

Further Details


P63   Semi-Volatile Oxygenated Components in Bio-Oil
Furfural, Levoglucosan, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Acetic Acid, Acetol, 3-Hydroxy-2-butanone, Propanoic Acid, Butanoic Acid, , 2-Cyclopenten-1-one, Methoxymethylfurfural, 3-Methyl-1,2- cyclopentanedione, 2(5H)-Furanone, 3-Methyl-2(5H)-furanone, Phenol, Guaiacol, o-Cresol, Maltol, p-cresol, m-Cresol, Creosol, 2,4-Xylenol, Eugenol, Catechol, Syringol, Vanillin, Hydroquinone, 4-Ethylcatechol, Apocynin, Syringylaldehyde

Further Details


Equipment Used for Hydroxymethylfurfural Analysis

Additional Material

Click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing sugar degradation products.

We can determine the Hydroxymethylfurfural content of various liquids, including liquids from pre-treatment and hydrolysis processes, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing process liquids.

We can determine the Hydroxymethylfurfural content of pyrolysis bio-oils, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing bio-oil.

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