Hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF), also known as 5-furfural, is a furan that contains an aldehyde and an alcohol functional group attached to the furan ring. It can be produced through the acid-catalysed dehydration and subsequent cyclisation of hexoses such as glucose and mannose. HMF is also an intermediate in the production of levulinic acid from hexoses.
The functional side groups found in HMF offer a wide range of applications for which HMF can be used and transformed and it has the potential to be a very useful platform chemical, providing it can be produced economically. HMF can also be inhibitory to some fermentative organisms and hydrolysis enzymes.
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Analysis Packages for HydroxymethylfurfuralThe Celignis Analysis Package(s) that determine this constituent are listed below:
| Levulinic Acid, Formic Acid, Hydroxymethylfurfural, Furfural, Acetic Acid, gamma-Valerolactone |
Equipment Used for Hydroxymethylfurfural Analysis
|Ion Chromatography A Dionex ICS-3000 system that is equipmed with electrochemical, conductivity, and ultraviolet-visible detectors.|
|Gas Chromatograph with Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) Our lab has an Agilent 6890 gas chromatograph (GC) coupled to an Agilent 5973 mass selective detector (Mass Spectrometer).|
Additional MaterialClick here to learn more about our various methods for analysing sugar degradation products.
We can determine the Hydroxymethylfurfural content of various liquids, including liquids from pre-treatment and hydrolysis processes, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing process liquids.
We can determine the Hydroxymethylfurfural content of pyrolysis bio-oils, click here to learn more about our various methods for analysing bio-oil.